Bhojpuri word in devanagari script.jpg
The word “Bhojpuri” in Devanagari script
Native to India and Nepal
Region Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, and Uttar Pradesh in (Bhojpuri region and Purvanchal region) in India and Terai region and Madhesh region in Nepal
Ethnicity Bhojpuri people
40 million(Census of India -2001)
160 million (Times of India- 80 million in Bihar and 70 million in uttar Pradesh and rest in other parts of the world)
180 million (Bhojpuri Association of North America) (2001 census)
Census results conflate most speakers with Hindi.
Devanagari (present), Kaithi (Historical)
Official language in
Fiji (as Fiji Hindi)
ISO 639-2 bho
ISO 639-3 bho – inclusive code
hns – Caribbean Hindustani
hif – Fiji Hindi
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Bhojpuri (Devanagari: भोजपुरी About this sound listen (help·info)) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in the Northern-Eastern part of India and the Terai region of Nepal. It is chiefly spoken in eastern Uttar Pradesh, western Bihar, and in extreme northwestern part of Jharkhand in India. Bhojpuri is, sociolinguistically, one of the seven Hindi languages (Haryanvi, Braj, Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Bundeli, Bagheli and Kannauji). Fiji Hindi, an official language of Fiji, has a strong Bhojpuri influence. Bhojpuri is one of the recognized national languages of Nepal. It is also a recognized language in Guyana, Suriname, and Mauritius. Bhojpuri is also spoken by the first generation immigrants who migrated from the UP region which now encompasses parts of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh in India to the newly created Pakistan. It is, however, slowly dying out in Pakistan as the next generation prefers to speak Urdu, Pakistan’s national language and lingua franca.
The variant of Bhojpuri of the Indo-Surinamese people is also referred to as Sarnami Hindustani, Sarnami Hindi or just Sarnami and has experienced considerable Sranan Tongo Creole and Dutch lexical influence. In Mauritius, a distinctive dialect of Bhojpuri remains in use, locally called Bojpury. The day-to-day usage of the language in Mauritius is dropping and today, it is spoken by approximately 5% of the population, according to latest census.